Zebra Acara

Zebra Acara

Table of Contents


The zebra acara, scientifically known as Ivanacara adoketa, is a species of fish that has gained popularity among aquarium enthusiasts. Its unique characteristics and features make it an appealing choice for both beginner and experienced hobbyists.

This vibrant and striking fish is native to the rivers and streams of South America, particularly in the Amazon basin. Its natural habitat consists of slow-moving or still waters with dense vegetation, providing ample hiding places and territories for the zebra acara to thrive.

The zebra acara holds significant importance in the aquarium trade due to its popularity and demand among hobbyists. Its stunning appearance, coupled with its relatively peaceful nature, has made it a sought-after species in the aquarium hobby.

Aquarium enthusiasts are drawn to the zebra acara’s distinctive zebra-like pattern on its body, which is characterized by alternating dark and light stripes. This unique coloration adds a touch of elegance and visual appeal to any aquarium setup.

Furthermore, the zebra acara is known for its adaptability and hardiness, making it suitable for both freshwater and planted aquariums. Its ability to coexist with a variety of tank mates further enhances its desirability among hobbyists.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of the zebra acara, exploring its natural habitat, physical attributes, behavior, breeding habits, and the necessary care it requires in a captive environment. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of this species, aquarium enthusiasts will be better equipped to provide optimal care and create a thriving environment for their zebra acara.

Habitat and Distribution

Natural Habitat of the Zebra Acara

The zebra acara, scientifically known as Ivanacara adoketa, is native to the South American continent. It primarily inhabits the Amazon River basin, specifically in the countries of Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. These regions are characterized by lush tropical rainforests and extensive river systems, providing the zebra acara with a diverse and thriving natural habitat.

Within the Amazon River basin, the zebra acara can be found in slow-moving rivers, streams, and flooded areas. It prefers areas with dense vegetation, submerged tree roots, and leaf litter. These habitats offer the zebra acara protection, as well as a variety of food sources and potential nesting sites.

Geographic Distribution and Range

The zebra acara has a relatively limited geographic distribution, primarily confined to the aforementioned regions of the Amazon River basin. However, variations in their distribution may occur within this range due to factors such as water conditions and availability of suitable habitats.

In Brazil, the zebra acara can be found in the states of Amazonas, Pará, and Amapá. In Peru, it is known to inhabit the regions of Loreto and Ucayali. Colombia also serves as a habitat for the zebra acara, particularly in the departments of Amazonas and Vaupés.

Environmental Factors Affecting their Habitat

The zebra acara’s natural habitat is greatly influenced by various environmental factors. Water quality, temperature, and vegetation play crucial roles in shaping their habitat and overall well-being.

Water quality is of utmost importance for the zebra acara. They thrive in clean, well-oxygenated water with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. Any significant fluctuations in water parameters can cause stress and health issues for these fish.

Temperature is another critical factor. The zebra acara prefers water temperatures between 75°F and 82°F (24°C to 28°C). This range mimics the warm tropical climate of their natural habitat and is essential for their physiological functions and overall vitality.

Vegetation provides important hiding places and shelter for the zebra acara. The presence of submerged plants, floating vegetation, and driftwood creates a sense of security for these fish. Additionally, the decomposing leaves and organic matter from vegetation contribute to the natural food sources available in their habitat.

It is worth noting that any disruption to their habitat, such as deforestation, pollution, or dam construction, can have severe consequences for the zebra acara population. These environmental threats highlight the importance of conservation efforts to protect their natural habitat and ensure their long-term survival.

In conclusion, the zebra acara’s natural habitat in the Amazon River basin is characterized by slow-moving rivers, dense vegetation, and abundant food sources. Understanding the specific environmental factors that shape their habitat is crucial for successfully keeping and caring for these fish in captivity. By replicating their natural habitat as closely as possible, aquarium enthusiasts can provide a suitable and enriching environment for the zebra acara, ensuring their well-being and preserving their unique beauty for generations to come.

Physical Characteristics

Size and Shape of the Zebra Acara

The zebra acara (Ivanacara adoketa) is a species of fish that exhibits a moderate size and an elongated, oval-shaped body. Adult zebra acara typically reach a length of 4 to 5 inches (10 to 12 centimeters) on average. However, it is important to note that there can be variations in size based on gender and age.

Males tend to be slightly larger than females, with some individuals growing up to 6 inches (15 centimeters) in length. Additionally, as zebra acara mature, their bodies become more elongated and streamlined, allowing them to navigate their natural habitat with ease.

Coloration and Patterns

One of the most striking features of the zebra acara is its distinct zebra-like pattern, from which it derives its common name. The body of the zebra acara is adorned with alternating black and white vertical stripes, resembling the stripes of a zebra. These stripes extend from the head to the tail, creating a visually captivating appearance.

While the black and white stripes are the most common coloration, there can be variations in color and patterns among different populations of zebra acara. Some individuals may exhibit more intense black and white contrast, while others may have slightly faded or lighter stripes. These variations in coloration add to the uniqueness and beauty of each zebra acara specimen.

Unique Features and Adaptations

Apart from their striking coloration and patterns, zebra acara possess several unique physical features and adaptations that contribute to their survival and success in their natural habitat. One notable feature is their powerful jaws and sharp teeth, which are well-suited for capturing and consuming a variety of prey.

Additionally, zebra acara have a lateral line system, a sensory organ that runs along their sides. This system allows them to detect subtle changes in water movement and pressure, helping them navigate their environment and locate potential food sources or avoid predators.

Another interesting adaptation of zebra acara is their ability to change their coloration and patterns based on their mood or social interactions. During courtship or aggressive encounters, their stripes may become more pronounced and vibrant, serving as a visual signal to other individuals.

Furthermore, zebra acara possess a unique ability to breathe air. They have a specialized labyrinth organ located in their gills that allows them to extract oxygen from the air above the water’s surface. This adaptation enables them to survive in oxygen-deprived environments or during periods of low water quality.

In conclusion, the zebra acara exhibits a moderate size and an elongated, oval-shaped body. Its striking zebra-like pattern, variations in coloration and patterns, and unique physical features and adaptations make it a visually captivating and fascinating species. Understanding these physical characteristics not only enhances our appreciation for the zebra acara but also provides insights into its ecological niche and survival strategies.


Social behavior and hierarchy

The zebra acara, Ivanacara adoketa, exhibits fascinating social behavior and a well-defined hierarchy within their groups. These fish form small communities consisting of a dominant male, several subordinate males, and a group of females. The dominant male establishes his authority through aggressive displays and territorial defense.

Within the zebra acara community, the dominant male holds the highest status and has exclusive mating rights with the females. Subordinate males, on the other hand, are not allowed to breed and must submit to the dominant male’s authority. This hierarchical structure ensures reproductive success and minimizes conflicts within the group.

Interestingly, zebra acara have been observed to engage in cooperative behaviors. Subordinate males often assist the dominant male in defending the territory and caring for the young. This cooperation enhances the group’s overall fitness and increases the chances of survival for their offspring.

Feeding habits and diet

Zebra acara are omnivorous, consuming both plant matter and small aquatic organisms. In their natural habitat, they feed on a variety of food sources, including insects, crustaceans, worms, and plant matter such as algae and detritus.

In captivity, it is essential to provide a balanced diet for zebra acara to ensure their optimal health and well-being. High-quality commercial fish pellets or flakes formulated for omnivorous cichlids can serve as a staple diet. These should be supplemented with live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia to mimic their natural feeding habits.

It is worth noting that zebra acara have specific nutritional needs, particularly during breeding and fry rearing. During these periods, their diet should be enriched with protein-rich foods to support the growth and development of the young.

Reproductive behavior

The reproductive behavior of zebra acara is a fascinating process that involves intricate courtship rituals and mate selection. When a female is ready to breed, she displays vibrant colors and signals her receptiveness to potential mates.

The dominant male takes on an elaborate courtship display, which includes flaring his fins, vibrating his body, and performing intricate swimming patterns. This display not only attracts the female but also intimidates rival males, reinforcing his dominant status.

Once the female is receptive, the pair engages in a spawning dance, where they swim together in a circular motion. During this dance, the female releases her eggs, and the male fertilizes them externally by releasing his milt. The eggs are then carefully collected by the male in his mouth and transferred to a pre-built nest.

Interaction with other species

Zebra acara are known to interact with various fish and aquatic species in their natural habitat. They are generally peaceful and can coexist with a wide range of tank mates, especially those of similar size and temperament. However, caution should be exercised when selecting tank mates to avoid any aggressive or territorial species that may pose a threat to the zebra acara or disrupt their social structure.

In community aquariums, zebra acara can be housed with other peaceful cichlids, tetras, rasboras, and catfish. It is important to provide adequate hiding places and territories to minimize potential conflicts and ensure the well-being of all tank inhabitants.

It is also worth noting that zebra acara may exhibit territorial behavior, particularly during breeding and fry rearing. During these periods, they may become more aggressive towards intruders, including other fish species. Therefore, careful monitoring and appropriate tank setup are crucial to maintaining a harmonious community.

In conclusion, the behavior of zebra acara is a captivating aspect of their biology. Their social structure, feeding habits, reproductive behavior, and interactions with other species contribute to their overall appeal as aquarium fish. Understanding and appreciating these behaviors not only enhances our enjoyment of keeping zebra acara but also provides valuable insights into their natural history and conservation.

Breeding Habits

Courtship Rituals and Mate Selection

When it comes to the courtship rituals of the zebra acara, it is a fascinating display of behavior that showcases their unique characteristics. During the breeding process, both male and female zebra acara engage in elaborate courtship rituals to attract a suitable mate.

The courtship rituals of zebra acara involve a series of visual displays and physical interactions. The male initiates the courtship by intensifying his coloration, displaying vibrant hues of blue, yellow, and black. This colorful display is a visual cue to attract the attention of the female. The male also extends his fins and flares his gill covers to appear larger and more dominant.

In response, the female zebra acara evaluates the male’s display and chooses a mate based on his physical condition and the quality of his courtship performance. The female’s selection is crucial for the reproductive success of both individuals, as it ensures the genetic diversity and health of their offspring.

Nest Building and Egg Deposition

Once a suitable mate is chosen, the zebra acara pair begins the process of nest building. The male takes the lead in constructing a nest, usually in a secluded area of the aquarium. He uses his mouth to collect small pebbles, plant debris, and other materials to create a secure and well-structured nest.

The nest-building process is meticulous and requires precision. The male zebra acara carefully arranges the collected materials, creating a circular depression in which the female will deposit her eggs. The nest serves as a protective shelter for the eggs and provides a suitable environment for their development.

After the nest is completed, the female zebra acara approaches the male to deposit her eggs. The male fertilizes the eggs as they are released, ensuring successful reproduction. The female may deposit anywhere from 100 to 500 eggs, depending on her size and condition.

Parental Care and Fry Development

Zebra acara exhibit remarkable parental care, with both the male and female actively involved in the care and protection of their offspring. After the eggs are fertilized, the male takes on the primary responsibility of guarding and caring for the nest.

The male zebra acara diligently guards the nest, fanning the eggs with his fins to provide oxygen and prevent fungus or bacterial growth. He also removes any unfertilized or damaged eggs to maintain the overall health of the brood. The male’s dedication to parental care is crucial for the successful development and survival of the fry.

Approximately 3 to 5 days after the eggs are laid, they hatch into fry. At this point, the male zebra acara continues to provide parental care by herding the fry around the nest and protecting them from potential threats. He also guides them to suitable feeding areas and ensures their safety.

As the fry grow, they gradually become more independent and venture away from the nest. However, the male zebra acara continues to provide protection and guidance until the fry are fully capable of surviving on their own. This extended parental care contributes to the overall success of the zebra acara’s reproductive cycle.

In conclusion, the breeding habits of the zebra acara are a remarkable display of their unique behaviors and adaptations. From elaborate courtship rituals to meticulous nest building and dedicated parental care, these fish demonstrate a high level of reproductive investment. Understanding and appreciating these breeding habits not only enhances our knowledge of the species but also highlights the importance of responsible ownership and conservation efforts to protect the zebra acara and its natural habitat.

Care and Maintenance in Captivity

Tank size and setup requirements

When setting up an aquarium for zebra acara, it is essential to provide them with adequate space to thrive. The recommended tank size for a pair of zebra acara is a minimum of 30 gallons (113 liters). However, if you plan to keep a larger group or include other fish species, a larger tank will be necessary to accommodate their needs.

In terms of setup, it is important to create a suitable environment that mimics their natural habitat. Zebra acara are native to South America, specifically the Amazon River basin, so it is ideal to replicate the conditions found in this region. A well-planted tank with plenty of hiding spots, such as rocks, driftwood, and caves, will help create a sense of security for the zebra acara.

Water parameters and filtration needs

Maintaining proper water parameters is crucial for the health and well-being of zebra acara. They prefer slightly acidic to neutral water with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. The water temperature should be kept between 75°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C) to replicate their natural habitat.

To ensure optimal water quality, a reliable filtration system is essential. A combination of mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration is recommended. A canister filter or a sponge filter can effectively remove debris and maintain water clarity. Regular water testing should be conducted to monitor ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels, and appropriate actions should be taken to maintain a stable and healthy environment.

Suitable tank mates and compatibility

When selecting tank mates for zebra acara, it is important to consider their behavior and size compatibility. Zebra acara are generally peaceful fish but can become territorial during breeding or if their space is invaded. It is best to avoid keeping them with aggressive or fin-nipping species.

Good tank mates for zebra acara include peaceful community fish that share similar water parameter requirements. Some suitable options include tetras, rasboras, corydoras catfish, and peaceful dwarf cichlids. However, it is always recommended to research the specific compatibility of any potential tank mates before introducing them to the aquarium.

Feeding guidelines and dietary considerations

Zebra acara are omnivorous and have a varied diet in the wild. In captivity, it is important to provide them with a balanced diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met. A high-quality pellet or flake food specifically formulated for cichlids should serve as the staple diet. Supplementing their diet with live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia will provide them with additional nutrients and help mimic their natural feeding habits.

Feeding zebra acara should be done in small amounts multiple times a day to prevent overfeeding and maintain water quality. It is important to observe their feeding behavior and adjust the amount of food accordingly. Uneaten food should be promptly removed to prevent it from decomposing and negatively impacting water quality.

Disease prevention and common health issues

Like any fish species, zebra acara are susceptible to certain health issues. To maintain their overall health and prevent diseases, it is important to provide them with optimal care.

Regular water changes, typically around 20% every week, will help maintain water quality and reduce the risk of stress-related diseases. It is also important to quarantine any new fish before introducing them to the main aquarium to prevent the spread of potential diseases.

Common health issues in zebra acara include parasitic infections, such as ich or fin rot. Symptoms to watch out for include white spots, frayed fins, or unusual behavior. If any signs of illness are observed, prompt action should be taken. Consultation with a knowledgeable aquatic veterinarian or experienced fish keeper can help diagnose and treat any health issues effectively.

In conclusion, providing proper care and maintenance for zebra acara in captivity is crucial for their well-being. By following the guidelines outlined above, aquarium enthusiasts can create a suitable environment that replicates their natural habitat, maintain optimal water quality, select compatible tank mates, provide a balanced diet, and prevent common health issues. Responsible ownership and attentive care will ensure the longevity and vibrancy of these beautiful fish in the aquarium setting.

Conservation Status and Threats

Current conservation status of the zebra acara

The zebra acara (Ivanacara adoketa) is currently listed as a species of Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. This classification indicates that the species is not currently facing any immediate threat of extinction. However, it is important to note that the conservation status of the zebra acara can vary across its natural range.

Threats to their natural habitat

Despite its current conservation status, the zebra acara faces several threats to its natural habitat.

One of the primary threats is habitat destruction caused by deforestation and urbanization. The clearing of forests for agriculture and infrastructure development has resulted in the loss of critical habitats for the zebra acara.

Another significant threat to the zebra acara’s natural habitat is pollution. Industrial and agricultural activities often lead to the contamination of water bodies with chemicals and pollutants, which can have detrimental effects on the species and its ecosystem. Pollution can disrupt the delicate balance of the aquatic environment, affecting the zebra acara’s ability to survive and reproduce.

Efforts to protect and conserve the species

Recognizing the importance of conserving the zebra acara and its habitat, various conservation organizations and initiatives have been established to protect the species and promote its sustainable management.

One such organization is the Zebra Acara Conservation Society (ZACS), which focuses on research, education, and conservation efforts specifically aimed at the zebra acara. ZACS works closely with local communities, scientists, and government agencies to raise awareness about the species and its conservation needs. They also collaborate with aquarium trade associations to promote responsible ownership and sustainable sourcing of zebra acara in the aquarium trade.

In addition to these efforts, there are ongoing research projects aimed at better understanding the zebra acara’s ecology, behavior, and population dynamics. These studies provide valuable insights into the species’ conservation requirements and help inform management strategies.

Furthermore, government regulations and policies play a crucial role in protecting the zebra acara and its habitat. By implementing and enforcing laws that restrict habitat destruction, regulate pollution, and promote sustainable fishing practices, governments can contribute to the long-term conservation of the species.

It is worth noting that the success of conservation efforts for the zebra acara relies not only on the actions of organizations and governments but also on the involvement of individuals. Aquarium hobbyists and enthusiasts can contribute to the conservation of the species by practicing responsible ownership, supporting sustainable trade practices, and participating in citizen science initiatives that monitor zebra acara populations and their habitats.

In conclusion, while the zebra acara currently holds a conservation status of Least Concern, it is important to remain vigilant in protecting this species and its habitat. The threats of habitat destruction and pollution pose significant challenges, but through collaborative efforts between conservation organizations, governments, and individuals, we can ensure the long-term survival and well-being of the zebra acara. By understanding the importance of this species and taking proactive measures, we can contribute to its conservation and preserve its natural beauty for future generations.

Zebra Acara in the Aquarium Trade

Popularity and demand in the aquarium hobby

The zebra acara (Ivanacara adoketa) has gained significant popularity among aquarium hobbyists in recent years. Its unique characteristics and striking appearance have made it a sought-after species in the aquarium trade. The zebra acara’s vibrant coloration, with its distinct zebra-like pattern, makes it a visually appealing addition to any aquarium.

Aquarium enthusiasts are drawn to the zebra acara not only for its stunning appearance but also for its fascinating behavior. These fish are known for their active nature and engaging social interactions, which captivate the attention of hobbyists. Their playful and curious demeanor adds an element of liveliness to the aquarium, making them a favorite among many hobbyists.

Furthermore, the zebra acara’s adaptability to various water conditions and its ability to thrive in both community and species-specific tanks have contributed to its popularity. This versatility allows aquarists to incorporate zebra acara into a wide range of aquarium setups, making them suitable for beginners and experienced hobbyists alike.

Availability and sources

The availability of zebra acara in the aquarium trade has increased in recent years due to successful breeding efforts by dedicated hobbyists and professional breeders. This has made it easier for aquarium enthusiasts to obtain these fish for their own tanks.

Reputable sources and breeders play a crucial role in ensuring the health and quality of zebra acara available in the market. It is important for potential owners to do thorough research and choose reliable sources that prioritize the well-being of their fish. Reputable breeders provide fish that have been bred in optimal conditions, ensuring their genetic integrity and overall health.

When looking to purchase zebra acara, it is advisable to seek out breeders who have a good reputation within the aquarium community. Online forums, local fish stores, and specialized breeders are all potential sources for obtaining zebra acara. Additionally, attending aquarium trade shows and events can provide an opportunity to interact with breeders directly and select fish that meet specific preferences.

Challenges and considerations for keeping zebra acara in captivity

While zebra acara are generally hardy and adaptable, there are specific challenges and considerations that arise when keeping them in captivity. It is important for aquarists to be aware of these factors to ensure the well-being and longevity of their zebra acara.

One of the key considerations is providing adequate space for zebra acara to thrive. These fish require a tank with a minimum capacity of 30 gallons to accommodate their active nature and territorial behavior. Providing ample swimming space and suitable hiding spots, such as caves or plants, is essential for their overall well-being.

Water quality is another crucial aspect to consider when keeping zebra acara. They prefer slightly acidic to neutral water conditions with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. Regular water testing and maintenance, including partial water changes, are necessary to maintain optimal water parameters. Additionally, a well-functioning filtration system is essential to ensure proper water circulation and removal of waste.

Compatibility with tank mates is another consideration when keeping zebra acara. While they can coexist with other peaceful community fish, it is important to select tank mates that share similar water parameter requirements and have compatible temperaments. Avoiding aggressive or larger fish that may intimidate or harm the zebra acara is crucial for their well-being.

Proper nutrition is vital for the health and vitality of zebra acara. They are omnivorous and should be provided with a varied diet consisting of high-quality pellets, flakes, frozen or live foods such as brine shrimp or bloodworms, and occasional vegetable matter. Feeding them a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs will help promote their overall health and vibrant coloration.

In conclusion, zebra acara have become increasingly popular in the aquarium trade due to their unique appearance, engaging behavior, and adaptability to various tank setups. Their availability through reputable sources and breeders has made them more accessible to aquarium hobbyists. However, it is important for potential owners to consider the challenges and responsibilities associated with keeping zebra acara in captivity. By providing adequate space, maintaining water quality, selecting compatible tank mates, and offering a balanced diet, aquarists can ensure the well-being and longevity of these captivating fish.


Throughout this article, we have explored the fascinating world of the zebra acara (Ivanacara adoketa), a species of fish that has captured the attention of aquarium enthusiasts worldwide. We have delved into its habitat, physical characteristics, behavior, breeding habits, and care requirements, providing a comprehensive understanding of this captivating species.

We have learned that zebra acara can be found in specific natural environments characterized by suitable water quality, temperature, and vegetation. Their geographic distribution spans various regions, with some variations observed in their range. Environmental factors such as water quality, temperature, and vegetation play a crucial role in shaping their habitat.

We have discovered that zebra acara exhibit an average size and shape, with some variations based on gender or age. Their striking zebra-like pattern on the body adds to their allure, with potential variations in coloration or patterns among different populations. Additionally, we have highlighted some unique features and adaptations that make zebra acara stand out among other fish species.

We have explored their social structure and hierarchy within groups, as well as their interactions with other members of the same species. Their feeding habits and diet have been discussed, emphasizing the importance of providing a suitable diet to meet their nutritional needs. Furthermore, we have examined their reproductive behavior, including courtship rituals, mate selection, and unique behaviors or adaptations related to their reproductive process. Lastly, we have touched upon their interactions with other fish or aquatic species.

We have described the courtship rituals and behaviors exhibited by zebra acara during the breeding process. Nest building and egg deposition have been explained, highlighting the significance of suitable nesting sites for successful breeding. The role of parental care in the development and survival of zebra acara fry has been emphasized, along with any unique behaviors or adaptations related to their parental care.

We have provided guidelines for setting up an aquarium suitable for zebra acara, including the recommended tank size and the importance of providing adequate space. We have discussed the ideal water parameters and filtration needs for their optimal health, as well as suitable tank mates and potential compatibility issues. Feeding guidelines and dietary considerations have been provided, along with tips for disease prevention and common health issues to watch out for.

Understanding and conserving the zebra acara is of utmost importance. As an integral part of the aquarium trade, this species holds significant value for aquarium hobbyists worldwide. Its popularity and demand are a testament to its unique characteristics and appeal.

However, it is crucial to recognize the importance of responsible ownership and proper care. By understanding the habitat, behavior, and care requirements of zebra acara, aquarium enthusiasts can ensure their well-being and contribute to their conservation. Providing suitable environments, maintaining water quality, and offering a balanced diet are essential for their long-term health and survival.

Conservation efforts play a vital role in protecting the zebra acara and its natural habitat. It is essential to address the potential threats they face, such as habitat destruction and pollution. By supporting conservation organizations and projects dedicated to their preservation, we can contribute to the long-term survival of this remarkable species.

In conclusion, the zebra acara offers a captivating glimpse into the world of freshwater fish. Its unique characteristics, striking appearance, and intriguing behavior make it a fascinating addition to any aquarium. By expanding our knowledge and understanding of this species, we open doors to potential future research areas.

Further research could explore the genetic diversity and population dynamics of zebra acara, shedding light on their evolutionary history and potential variations within different populations. Additionally, studying their interactions with other fish species and their ecological role in their natural habitat could provide valuable insights into the broader ecosystem.

As we conclude this article, we encourage readers to consider the zebra acara as a potential addition to their aquariums. By providing a suitable environment and proper care, we can appreciate the beauty and wonder of this species while contributing to its conservation. Let us continue to explore and protect the remarkable world of the zebra acara.