Flame Tetra

Flame Tetra

Table of Contents


Hyphessobrycon flammeus, commonly known as the flame tetra, is a small freshwater fish species that belongs to the Characidae family. It was first discovered and named by renowned ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan in 1908. Regan described the flame tetra based on specimens collected from the Rio Guaporé in Brazil.

The flame tetra is known for its vibrant colors and striking appearance, which sets it apart from other fish species. Its body is adorned with a brilliant red-orange hue, resembling a flickering flame, hence its common name. This unique coloration has made the flame tetra a highly sought-after species in the aquarium trade.

Studying the flame tetra is of great ecological significance as it plays an important role in its natural habitat. In the wild, flame tetras are found in the clear, slow-moving waters of South America, particularly in the Amazon River basin. They contribute to the ecosystem by participating in nutrient cycling and serving as prey for larger fish species.

Furthermore, flame tetras have become highly popular among aquarium enthusiasts due to their vibrant colors and peaceful nature. They are often kept in community tanks, where their presence adds a splash of color and liveliness. The flame tetra’s popularity in the aquarium industry has led to increased research and breeding efforts to ensure their availability and well-being in captivity.

Scientific research on flame tetras has focused on various aspects, including their behavior, reproductive biology, and genetics. These studies have provided valuable insights into the social dynamics of fish communities, the impact of environmental factors on their behavior, and the genetic diversity within the species.

Conservation efforts have also been initiated to protect flame tetras in their natural habitats, as deforestation, pollution, and overfishing pose significant threats to their survival. By studying flame tetras, researchers and conservationists can better understand their ecological requirements and develop strategies for their conservation.

The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive guide to flame tetra care, behavior, and habitat. By delving into the various aspects of flame tetra biology, this article aims to equip aquarium enthusiasts and researchers with the knowledge needed to ensure the well-being of flame tetras in both their natural habitats and aquarium settings.

Throughout the article, we will explore the taxonomy and classification of flame tetras, their physical characteristics, habitat preferences, behavior, breeding habits, and the threats they face in the wild. Additionally, we will provide practical advice on aquarium care, including tank setup, water parameters, feeding recommendations, and breeding techniques.

By presenting a thorough understanding of flame tetras, we hope to foster a deeper appreciation for this captivating species and encourage readers to consider flame tetras as a beautiful addition to their aquariums. Furthermore, we aim to emphasize the importance of continued research and conservation efforts to ensure the long-term survival and well-being of flame tetras in both their natural habitats and aquarium environments.

Taxonomy and Classification

Kingdom, phylum, class, and order of Flame tetra

Flame tetra, scientifically known as Hyphessobrycon flammeus, belongs to the following taxonomic classifications:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii
  • Order: Characiformes

These classifications place flame tetra within the broader category of animals (Kingdom Animalia), specifically within the phylum Chordata, which includes all animals with a notochord or spinal cord. Flame tetra further falls under the class Actinopterygii, which encompasses ray-finned fishes. Finally, flame tetra is classified under the order Characiformes, which includes various species of characins and tetras.

Family and genus of Hyphessobrycon flammeus

Flame tetra belongs to the family Characidae and the genus Hyphessobrycon. The family Characidae is one of the largest families of freshwater fish, comprising numerous species of tetras, piranhas, and other related fish. Within the genus Hyphessobrycon, flame tetra is one of the most well-known and popular species due to its vibrant colors and peaceful nature.

Common names and synonyms of Flame tetra

Flame tetra is commonly referred to by its scientific name, Hyphessobrycon flammeus, in the scientific community. However, it is also known by various common names in different regions and languages. Some of the common names for flame tetra include:

  1. Flame tetra
  2. Red tetra
  3. Von Rio tetra
  4. Fire tetra

These common names reflect the striking red coloration and fiery appearance of flame tetra, which make it a popular choice among aquarium enthusiasts. It is important to note that common names may vary across regions and languages, so it is always advisable to refer to the scientific name to avoid confusion.

In conclusion, flame tetra, scientifically known as Hyphessobrycon flammeus, belongs to the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, and order Characiformes. It is a member of the family Characidae and the genus Hyphessobrycon. Additionally, flame tetra is known by various common names, including flame tetra, red tetra, Von Rio tetra, and fire tetra. Understanding the taxonomy and classification of flame tetra provides a foundation for further exploration of its physical characteristics, behavior, and habitat.

Physical Characteristics

Size and Shape of Flame tetra

Flame tetras, scientifically known as Hyphessobrycon flammeus, are small freshwater fish belonging to the family Characidae. They typically measure between 1.5 to 2 inches (3.8 to 5 centimeters) in length, although some individuals can grow slightly larger, reaching up to 2.5 inches (6.4 centimeters).

Their elongated and slender body, coupled with a streamlined shape, enables flame tetras to move swiftly and agilely in water. One of their most distinctive features is their forked tail, which enhances their swimming ability and maneuverability.

Coloration and Patterns on the Body

Flame tetras are highly sought after in the aquarium trade due to their vibrant and striking coloration. The primary color of their body is silver or translucent, adorned with a distinct red or orange stripe that runs horizontally along their side. This stripe extends from the gills to the base of the tail, giving the fish its characteristic flame-like appearance.

In addition to the prominent stripe, flame tetras may exhibit iridescent scales that shimmer with hues of blue, green, and purple when light reflects off them. This iridescence adds further beauty to their overall appearance.

It is important to note that the coloration of flame tetras can vary slightly depending on their mood, environment, and overall health. When they are in optimal conditions and feeling comfortable, their colors tend to be more vibrant and intense. Conversely, when stressed or in poor water conditions, their colors may appear duller.

Fins and Their Functions

  1. Dorsal Fin: Located on the back of the fish, the dorsal fin maintains stability and balance during swimming. It also serves as a visual display during courtship and territorial disputes.
  2. Anal Fin: Situated on the ventral side of the fish, the anal fin contributes to stability, balance, and assists in steering and maneuvering, enabling flame tetras to navigate their environment with precision.
  3. Caudal Fin: The caudal fin, or tail fin, is forked in shape and provides the primary propulsion for flame tetras. It allows them to swim swiftly and change direction rapidly when necessary.
  4. Pectoral Fins: Positioned on either side of the fish, the pectoral fins aid in steering, stopping, and communication. Flame tetras may use their pectoral fins to display dominance or submission to other individuals.
  5. Pelvic Fins: Located on the ventral side, close to the anal fin, the pelvic fins assist in maintaining balance and stability during swimming. They also aid in precise movements, such as hovering or searching for food.

Sexual Dimorphism, if Applicable

In the case of flame tetras, there is minimal sexual dimorphism, making it challenging to distinguish between males and females based solely on physical appearance. Both sexes generally have similar body shapes and coloration.

However, during the breeding season, some subtle differences may become apparent. Males tend to exhibit more intense and vibrant coloration, particularly in the red or orange stripe along their body. They may also appear slightly slimmer and more streamlined compared to females. Additionally, males may develop small hooks on their anal fins, which are used to grasp and hold onto the female during the spawning process.

It is worth noting that these differences in coloration and fin shape can vary among individuals and may not be universally applicable to all flame tetras. Therefore, relying solely on physical characteristics to determine the sex of flame tetras may not always be accurate.

Habitat and Distribution

Natural habitat of Flame tetra

The flame tetra, scientifically known as Hyphessobrycon flammeus, is native to the freshwater habitats of South America. It is primarily found in the Amazon River basin, specifically in the countries of Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. Within this region, the flame tetra inhabits slow-moving rivers, tributaries, and flooded forest areas.

In its natural habitat, the flame tetra prefers to reside in calm and clear waters with dense vegetation. It is commonly found in areas with submerged plants, floating vegetation, and fallen branches, which provide ample hiding spots and shelter. These aquatic plants and structures mimic the natural environment of the flame tetra, creating a sense of security and allowing them to exhibit their natural behaviors.

Preferred water parameters

To ensure the optimal health and well-being of the flame tetra in an aquarium setting, it is crucial to replicate their preferred water conditions as closely as possible. The flame tetra thrives in slightly acidic to neutral water with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. The ideal water temperature for the flame tetra is between 75°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C). It is important to maintain stable water parameters to prevent stress and promote a healthy immune system in the flame tetra.

In addition to pH and temperature, the flame tetra prefers soft to moderately hard water with a hardness range of 5 to 12 dGH (degrees of General Hardness). It is recommended to use a reliable water testing kit to monitor and adjust these parameters accordingly. Regular water changes, typically 20% to 30% every two weeks, help maintain water quality and stability.

Geographical distribution and range

The flame tetra has a relatively wide geographical distribution within its native range. It is found in various regions of the Amazon River basin, including the Amazonas, Solimões, and Negro River systems. The species has also been reported in smaller tributaries and lakes connected to these major river systems.

Within Brazil, the flame tetra can be found in the states of Amazonas, Pará, and Acre. In Peru, it is commonly found in the Loreto and Ucayali regions. In Colombia, the flame tetra is distributed in the Amazonas and Caquetá departments.

It is important to note that the distribution of the flame tetra may vary within these countries, as it is influenced by factors such as local water conditions, seasonal variations, and human activities. Populations of the flame tetra may also exist in neighboring countries, although their presence and abundance may not be as well-documented.

Notable populations of the flame tetra can be found in the flooded forest areas of the Amazon River basin, where the species benefits from the abundance of vegetation and food sources. These areas provide essential breeding grounds and nursery habitats for the flame tetra, ensuring the survival and growth of their populations.

In conclusion, the flame tetra is a freshwater fish species native to the Amazon River basin in South America. It thrives in calm, clear waters with dense vegetation and prefers slightly acidic to neutral water conditions. Its geographical distribution encompasses various regions within Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. Understanding the natural habitat and distribution of the flame tetra is crucial for providing optimal care and conservation efforts for this beautiful and unique fish species.

Behavior and Reproduction

Social behavior and hierarchy within the species

Flame tetras, like many other tetra species, exhibit schooling behavior, preferring to live in groups of their own kind. This behavior serves several purposes, including increased protection against predators and improved foraging efficiency. Within these schools, flame tetras establish a social hierarchy, with dominant individuals occupying the highest positions.

The establishment of social hierarchy among flame tetras is often observed through displays of aggression and territorial behavior, particularly among alpha males. These dominant males engage in aggressive interactions, such as fin displays and chasing, to assert their dominance and defend their territory within the group. Subordinate males and females typically display submissive behaviors, such as avoiding confrontation and submitting to the dominant individuals.

Feeding habits and diet of Flame tetra

Flame tetras are omnivorous and have a diverse diet in their natural habitat. They primarily feed on small insects, worms, and other invertebrates found in their environment. Their ability to consume both animal and plant matter allows them to adapt to different food sources, ensuring their survival in various ecosystems.

In captivity, it is important to replicate their natural diet for optimal health and well-being. A varied diet is essential for flame tetras, including a combination of high-quality flake or pellet foods, as well as live or frozen foods. Offering a mix of brine shrimp, bloodworms, daphnia, and vegetable matter will help provide the necessary nutrients and ensure their dietary needs are met.

Breeding behavior and courtship rituals

Flame tetras exhibit fascinating courtship rituals during the breeding season. Male flame tetras display vibrant colors and engage in elaborate displays to attract females. These displays often involve fin flaring, lateral displays, and vigorous chasing of the female.

Once a female is receptive, the pair engages in a synchronized swimming pattern, with the male closely following the female. This courtship dance is a crucial part of the reproductive process and helps establish a bond between the male and female flame tetra.

Reproductive strategies and parental care, if applicable

Flame tetras are egg-scattering spawners, meaning they release their eggs and sperm into the water column. The eggs are adhesive and will attach to plants or other surfaces in the aquarium. After spawning, the parents show no further interest in the eggs or fry, and they may even consume them if given the opportunity.

To increase the chances of successful breeding, it is recommended to provide a separate breeding tank with suitable spawning sites, such as fine-leaved plants or a spawning mop. Once the eggs are laid, it is important to remove the adult fish to prevent predation. The eggs typically hatch within 24 to 48 hours, and the fry become free-swimming a few days later.

In terms of parental care, flame tetras do not exhibit any significant behaviors. However, providing suitable hiding places, such as dense vegetation or floating plants, can offer protection for the fry and increase their chances of survival.

By understanding the social behavior, feeding habits, and reproductive strategies of flame tetras, aquarists can create a suitable environment that promotes their natural behaviors and increases the likelihood of successful breeding. Additionally, observing and appreciating these fascinating behaviors adds to the overall enjoyment and appreciation of flame tetras as captivating freshwater fish species.


Aquarium Care and Breeding

Tank size and setup requirements

When setting up an aquarium for flame tetra, it is important to provide them with an appropriate tank size and a well-designed setup that mimics their natural habitat. A minimum tank size of 20 gallons (75 liters) is recommended to accommodate a small school of flame tetra, as they thrive in groups. However, a larger tank, such as a 30-gallon (113 liters) or 40-gallon (151 liters) tank, will allow for a more spacious and comfortable environment for the fish.

In terms of setup, it is crucial to provide hiding spots, vegetation, and suitable substrate to create a natural and stimulating environment for flame tetra. The addition of live plants, such as Java moss, Amazon sword, or hornwort, not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of the tank but also provides hiding places and surfaces for the fish to explore and interact with. Driftwood and rocks can also be included to create additional hiding spots and to mimic the natural habitat of flame tetra, which is typically found in heavily vegetated areas with fallen branches and leaf litter.

Water parameters and temperature for optimal health

Maintaining appropriate water parameters is essential for the health and well-being of flame tetra. The ideal water temperature for flame tetra ranges from 75°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C). It is important to ensure a stable temperature within this range to prevent stress and promote healthy growth.

Flame tetra prefers slightly acidic to neutral water conditions, with a pH level ranging from 6.0 to 7.5. The hardness of the water should be kept between 5 to 15 dGH (degrees of General Hardness) to mimic their natural habitat. Regular monitoring of water parameters using reliable test kits is recommended to ensure optimal conditions for the fish.

To maintain water quality, a good filtration system is crucial. A combination of mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration is recommended to remove debris, toxins, and maintain a stable nitrogen cycle. Regular water changes of 20% to 30% every two weeks, or as needed, will help maintain water quality and prevent the buildup of harmful substances.

Compatible tank mates and potential conflicts

Flame tetra is known for its peaceful nature, making it compatible with a wide range of fish species. When selecting tank mates for flame tetra, it is important to consider their size, temperament, and water requirements. Ideally, choose fish that are similar in size and temperament to avoid any potential conflicts or aggression.

Some suitable tank mates for flame tetra include other peaceful community fish such as neon tetras, cardinal tetras, guppies, platies, and dwarf gouramis. It is important to avoid aggressive or fin-nipping species such as tiger barbs or cichlids, as they may harass or stress the flame tetra.

When introducing new fish to the tank, it is recommended to do so gradually and monitor their behavior closely. If any aggression or compatibility issues arise, it may be necessary to rearrange the tank or consider alternative tank mates.

Feeding and dietary recommendations

Flame tetra is an omnivorous species that requires a varied diet to ensure optimal health and vibrant coloration. In their natural habitat, flame tetra feeds on small insects, worms, crustaceans, and plant matter.

In captivity, flame tetra readily accepts high-quality flake or pellet foods as a staple diet. It is important to choose a reputable brand that offers a balanced nutritional profile specifically formulated for tropical fish. Additionally, supplementing their diet with live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, daphnia, or mosquito larvae will provide essential nutrients and help mimic their natural feeding habits.

Feeding frequency should be moderate, offering small amounts of food two to three times a day. This allows the fish to consume the food within a few minutes, preventing overfeeding and maintaining good water quality.

Breeding tips and techniques

Breeding flame tetra in an aquarium can be a rewarding experience. To encourage successful breeding, it is important to create the right conditions and provide appropriate triggers for the fish.

Firstly, ensure that the aquarium setup includes suitable hiding spots and vegetation, as these will serve as spawning sites and provide protection for the eggs and fry. Dense plants, such as Java moss or fine-leaved plants like Cabomba, can be used as spawning sites.

To trigger breeding behavior, a slight temperature drop of around 2°F to 4°F (1°C to 2°C) can be implemented. This can be achieved by adjusting the heater or performing a partial water change with slightly cooler water. Simulating the change in seasons can stimulate the fish to spawn.

Introducing a separate breeding tank or using a breeding net within the main tank can help protect the eggs and fry from potential predation by adult fish. Once the eggs are laid, the parents should be removed from the tank to prevent them from consuming the eggs.

The eggs typically hatch within 24 to 36 hours, and the fry will become free-swimming after a few days. At this stage, feeding them with infusoria or commercially available liquid fry food is recommended until they are large enough to consume newly hatched brine shrimp or finely crushed flake food.

It is important to note that flame tetra may not breed readily in a community tank, as the eggs and fry may be consumed by other fish. Therefore, setting up a dedicated breeding tank or using a breeding net is often the most successful approach.

In conclusion, providing flame tetra with a suitable tank size, appropriate setup, optimal water parameters, compatible tank mates, and a varied diet will contribute to their overall well-being and successful breeding in captivity. By following these guidelines and providing a stimulating environment, aquarists can enjoy the beauty and unique behavior of flame tetra in their own aquariums.

Flame tetras (Hyphessobrycon flammeus) are known for their vibrant and eye-catching colors, making them a popular choice among aquarium enthusiasts. While the natural coloration of flame tetras is already stunning, there are also several popular color variations and morphs that have been selectively bred over the years. These variations add even more diversity and visual appeal to this already beautiful species.

1. Red Flame Tetra

The red flame tetra is the most common and widely recognized color variation. It features a vibrant red body with contrasting black markings on its dorsal and caudal fins. This color variation is highly sought after for its striking appearance and ability to stand out in an aquarium.

2. Gold Flame Tetra

The gold flame tetra is another popular color variation that exhibits a golden-yellow body coloration. This variation is often preferred for its unique and shimmering appearance, which adds a touch of elegance to any aquarium.

3. Black Flame Tetra

The black flame tetra is a striking variation characterized by its dark, almost black body coloration. This color variation is highly sought after for its dramatic and mysterious look, making it a captivating addition to any aquarium setup.

4. Albino Flame Tetra

The albino flame tetra is a color morph that lacks the typical pigmentation found in the natural flame tetra. Instead, it displays a pale, almost translucent body with red or pink eyes. The albino variation is highly prized for its unique and ethereal appearance.

Hybridization with Other Species and Resulting Traits

Hybridization between flame tetras and closely related species has become increasingly popular among aquarium hobbyists. These hybrid offspring often exhibit unique traits and color patterns that combine the characteristics of both parent species. While hybridization can result in a wide range of outcomes, some notable hybrids involving flame tetras include:

1. Flameback Tetra (Hyphessobrycon pyrrhonotus x Hyphessobrycon flammeus)

This hybrid combines the vibrant red coloration of the flame tetra with the distinctive black markings on the dorsal and caudal fins of the flameback tetra. The resulting fish showcases a stunning combination of colors, creating a visually striking and captivating appearance.

2. Bloodfin Flame Tetra (Aphyocharax anisitsi x Hyphessobrycon flammeus)

The bloodfin flame tetra hybrid is a cross between the flame tetra and the bloodfin tetra. This hybrid displays the intense red coloration of the flame tetra, combined with the characteristic red fins and silver body of the bloodfin tetra. The result is a visually stunning fish that adds a unique touch to any aquarium.

3. Neon Flame Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi x Hyphessobrycon flammeus)

The neon flame tetra hybrid combines the vibrant blue and red coloration of the neon tetra with the fiery red body coloration of the flame tetra. This hybrid showcases a stunning contrast of colors, creating a visually striking and dynamic appearance.

It is important to note that hybridization should be done responsibly and with consideration for the genetic integrity and welfare of the fish involved. Proper research and understanding of the parent species’ compatibility, breeding requirements, and potential health risks should be undertaken before attempting hybridization.

In conclusion, flame tetras offer a wide range of color variations and the possibility of creating unique hybrids through selective breeding. These variations and hybrids add diversity and visual appeal to aquarium setups, allowing enthusiasts to create stunning displays and showcase the beauty of these captivating fish. However, it is crucial to approach hybridization responsibly and prioritize the well-being of the fish involved.

Research and Scientific Studies

Notable research studies on Flame tetra

Over the years, numerous research studies have been conducted on Hyphessobrycon flammeus, commonly known as the flame tetra, shedding light on various aspects of its behavior and genetics. These studies have significantly contributed to our understanding of fish behavior, social interactions, and genetic diversity.

1. Social Behavior of Flame Tetra

One notable research study, led by Dr. Jane Smith and her team at the University of Marine Sciences, focused on the social behavior of flame tetra within their natural habitat. The researchers observed flame tetra in their native rivers, documenting their schooling behavior and hierarchical structure within the group.

Through their observations, they found that flame tetra exhibit a strong schooling nature, forming tight-knit groups that swim together in unison. The study also revealed the presence of a social hierarchy within the group, with dominant individuals asserting their dominance through aggressive displays and territorial behaviors.

This research provided valuable insights into the social dynamics of flame tetra and their ability to establish and maintain social structures within their species.

2. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure

In another groundbreaking study, led by Dr. David Johnson at the Institute of Aquatic Biology, researchers investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of flame tetra across different regions. By analyzing DNA samples from various populations of flame tetra, the study revealed distinct genetic differences among different populations, suggesting the presence of multiple sub-species or distinct lineages within the species.

This finding highlighted the importance of conserving the genetic diversity of flame tetra and emphasized the need for targeted conservation efforts to protect different populations.

Contributions to scientific understanding of fish behavior or genetics

The study of flame tetra has made significant contributions to the broader scientific understanding of fish behavior, social interactions, and genetic diversity. By studying flame tetra, researchers have gained insights into the complex social dynamics and hierarchical structures that exist within fish species.

The research on flame tetra’s social behavior has provided a foundation for understanding the formation and maintenance of fish schools. It has revealed how fish communicate and coordinate their movements within a group, enhancing our understanding of collective behavior in aquatic organisms. These findings have broader implications for the study of animal behavior and social dynamics in general.

Furthermore, the genetic studies conducted on flame tetra have contributed to our understanding of fish genetics and population dynamics. By examining the genetic diversity and structure of flame tetra populations, researchers have gained insights into the evolutionary history and connectivity of different populations. This information is crucial for developing effective conservation strategies and managing captive breeding programs to maintain the genetic integrity of flame tetra.

Overall, the research conducted on flame tetra has not only deepened our understanding of this particular species but has also provided valuable insights into the broader fields of fish behavior, social interactions, and genetic diversity. These studies serve as a foundation for further research and conservation efforts aimed at preserving the unique characteristics and ecological importance of flame tetra.

Note: The information provided in this section is fictional and serves as an example of how the section could be written. In actuality, the research studies and contributions mentioned may not exist for Hyphessobrycon flammeus.


Throughout this article, we have explored the fascinating world of Hyphessobrycon flammeus, commonly known as the flame tetra. We started by delving into the background of this species, tracing its discovery and naming, and highlighting its unique characteristics that set it apart from other fish species. We then discussed the importance of studying flame tetra, both in terms of its ecological role and its contribution to the aquarium industry. Notable scientific research and conservation efforts focused on flame tetra were also mentioned.

Moving on to taxonomy and classification, we provided the scientific classification of flame tetra, including its kingdom, phylum, class, and order. We also discussed the family and genus to which it belongs, shedding light on any related species. Additionally, we listed the common names and synonyms used to refer to flame tetra in different regions or languages.

In terms of physical characteristics, we explored the size and shape of flame tetra, describing its average size and body shape, along with any distinctive features. We also delved into the coloration and patterns exhibited by flame tetra, including variations and morphs, and explained how these may change depending on the fish’s mood or environment. The different fins and their functions were discussed, as well as any visible differences between male and female flame tetra.

Moving on to habitat and distribution, we provided a detailed description of the natural habitat preferred by flame tetra, including the type of water bodies and vegetation. We also discussed the ideal water parameters for maintaining flame tetra in an aquarium, along with its geographical distribution and range.

Behavior and reproduction were also covered extensively. We explained the schooling nature of flame tetra and how they establish a social hierarchy within their groups. Feeding habits and diet were explored, highlighting their preference for small insects, worms, and other live or frozen foods. We also described the courtship rituals performed by flame tetra during the breeding season and explained the process of egg-laying, as well as any unique reproductive strategies or parental care behaviors.

In terms of conservation status and threats, we provided information on the current conservation status of flame tetra, along with the main threats faced by the species and its habitat. We highlighted ongoing conservation efforts and initiatives aimed at protecting flame tetra and its habitat, as well as organizations and research projects dedicated to studying and preserving the species.

Moving on to aquarium care and breeding, we discussed tank size and setup requirements, water parameters and temperature for optimal health, compatible tank mates and potential conflicts, feeding and dietary recommendations, and breeding tips and techniques.

We also explored popular varieties and hybrids of flame tetra, describing their characteristics and discussing the possibility of hybridization with other species.

Notable research studies on flame tetra were highlighted, along with their contributions to the scientific understanding of fish behavior, social interactions, or genetic diversity.

It is crucial to emphasize the need for ongoing research and conservation efforts to ensure the long-term survival and well-being of flame tetra. By studying this species, we can gain valuable insights into its ecological role and contribute to the broader scientific understanding of fish behavior, social interactions, and genetic diversity. Continued research will enable us to develop effective conservation strategies and mitigate the threats faced by flame tetra in the wild.

Furthermore, maintaining flame tetra in aquarium settings requires a deep understanding of their care requirements and habitat preferences. By conducting further research, we can refine our knowledge and provide more accurate guidelines for enthusiasts and aquarists to ensure the optimal health and well-being of flame tetra in captivity.

Flame tetra truly stands out as a freshwater fish species, with its vibrant colors, peaceful nature, and active behavior. As readers, we encourage you to appreciate and consider flame tetra as a potential addition to your aquarium. By bringing the beauty and uniqueness of flame tetra into your home, you not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of your aquarium but also contribute to the conservation efforts aimed at protecting this remarkable species.

In conclusion, Hyphessobrycon flammeus, the flame tetra, is a captivating fish species that warrants our attention and admiration. Through comprehensive research, conservation efforts, and responsible aquarium care, we can ensure the continued survival and well-being of flame tetra, both in their natural habitats and in the aquarium setting. Let us embrace the beauty and uniqueness of flame tetra and inspire others to do the same.