Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The temperament of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog makes their owners always be careful. After all, the dog very faithfully performs its duties as a protector. No stranger has the opportunity to get into the territory, which is guarded by the dog Caucasian, and come close to the owner. Distrustful of strangers, it is ready, no matter what, to protect its family because it shows respect and love in the Caucasian Shepherd Dog from childhood.

Breed Information

Another NameCaucasian Ovcharka
HeightMales at least 68 cm
Females at least 64 cm
WeightMales at least 50 kg
Females at least 45 kg
FurLong, thick
ColorBlack, cream, gray, white, pale, rust
Lifespan10-11 years
FCI ClassificationPinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
GroupWatchdogs, protection dogs, guard dogs

Breed Photos

Origin History

Tracing back to ancient lineages, the Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are esteemed as the venerable forebears of shepherd breeds. Originating from the rugged terrains of the Caucasus, extending into the southern expanses of Russia, their legacy is intertwined with the rustic tapestry of the region. There’s a prevailing narrative that the ancestral threads of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog are linked to the venerable Tibetan dogs.

Throughout the unfolding tapestry of time, these steadfast canines have embraced a spectrum of roles—herding the wandering sheep, standing guard over homesteads, and weaving a companionship marked by loyalty. The evolution of their distinctive traits is believed to have been sculpted by the whims of nature, aligning with the demands of their environment.

The chapter of official breeding and meticulous development of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog commenced in the effervescent era of the 1920s. Fast forward to the present, this breed basks in a crescendo of popularity, attributed to its remarkable endurance and an unyielding spirit that defies the harshest of frosts. Their territorial fidelity coupled with an innate aptitude for guardianship renders them exemplary sentinels, ever-vigilant in their duty.


This breed is considered one of the largest in the world. The size of the dog is intimidating and gigantic, somewhat reminiscent of the bear form. The male dogs are usually more extensive than the females. The minimum height of the male dog is 68 cm, and the female is 64 cm. The weight of an adult Caucasian Shepherd Dog can reach up to 100 kg.

Their wool is thick and long, so it can easily withstand severe frosts. There is also a dense undercoat. Depending on the coat’s length, three types of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are short-haired, intermediate, and long-haired. The most popular are the long-haired. Wool can be a brown, white, pale, gray color. The presence of a dark mask on the muzzle is allowed.


The temperament of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog makes their owners always be careful. After all, the dog very faithfully performs its duties as a protector. No stranger has the opportunity to get into the territory, which is guarded by the dog Caucasian, and come close to the owner. Distrustful of strangers, it is ready, no matter what, to protect its family because it shows respect and love in the Caucasian Shepherd Dog from childhood.

The dog has a high level of intelligence and independence. Its owner must have a strong character to tame this strong-willed dog.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog quickly finds common ground with children, ready to play with them and tolerate their antics. It is also enough to meet family friends once; she will remember them and not show aggression and bark at them.

They learn quickly, react instantly and make decisions. With other animals in the same territory, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog will try to behave peacefully. But it is better if it will be a decorative dog or a regular cat. If there is another large dog in the common area, it may create competition.


Despite its huge size, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog can easily live in an apartment. It does not like to spend time actively, and the best place for it to rest in a warm place at the owner’s feet.

Comb the coat regularly, three times a week, with a special brush. Every year the dog molts, and during this period, the procedure should be performed daily, and the brush can be moistened with warm water to better comb out the dead hairs.

Even if the Caucasian Shepherd Dog lives in an enclosure or a yard, you still need to walk it every day. This contributes to better socialization. However, it would help if you did not forget the leash.

Ears should be gently cleaned regularly with a cotton swab and checked in summer for mites. Pupils need frequent conversations with their owners. Don’t forget that they are brilliant and want to be appropriately treated as a family member.


Early socialization is most important for this breed. From the first days of the appearance of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog in the house, it is necessary to introduce it to other people, walk-in public places, and accustom it to simple commands.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog should not be kept on a chain; it can generate aggression and anger. Choose a place for its frequent stay carefully. It is best if it will be a well-equipped enclosure.

Dogs are easy to train and eager to make contact, but sometimes healthy independence can be a problem following simple commands. If you can’t train your dog yourself, you should seek professional help, but you shouldn’t let it go.

The size of a dog can sometimes give the wrong impression. After all, up to three years old are still children, but their size can already be gigantic.

Common Health Challenges

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is known for its robust health, but like any breed, it’s susceptible to certain ailments. Among the most common is hip dysplasia, a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit into the hip socket properly. Regular vet check-ups and a balanced diet can help manage this condition and keep your dog comfortable.

As these gentle giants age, maintaining an appropriate level of physical activity is crucial to ward off obesity, which is a precursor to other serious conditions like diabetes. It’s advisable to engage them in moderate exercise to maintain a healthy weight and good muscle tone, which also supports joint health.

Furthermore, a well-balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can help manage or prevent common conditions. It’s also beneficial to be aware of joint issues such as arthritis, which is common in larger breeds. Early detection and management through vet-approved joint supplements and anti-inflammatory medication can significantly improve the quality of life for your Caucasian Shepherd Dog.

Lastly, ensure your furry companion receives regular dental check-ups to prevent periodontal diseases, which are common across many dog breeds. A regimen of dental hygiene at home coupled with professional cleanings can go a long way in maintaining overall health.

By staying proactive with regular veterinary care, a proper diet, and consistent exercise, you can ensure your Caucasian Shepherd Dog lives a long, healthy, and happy life.


The dietary regimen of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog should be meticulously crafted to meet their robust nutritional demands. Central to their diet is the inclusion of high-quality meats from larger animals such as beef, lamb, and horse meat. These meats are packed with essential proteins and amino acids that contribute to the maintenance of muscle mass and overall body function.

Additionally, incorporating fish into their meals provides a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for promoting healthy skin and a lustrous coat. By-products such as liver and kidneys are also beneficial, offering a range of vitamins and minerals crucial for optimal health.

Diversifying their diet with whole grains and porridges can provide the energy necessary for these active canines, while also supporting digestive health. The inclusion of seasonal vegetables and fruits not only adds a variety of flavors but also supplies essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that aid in fighting off diseases.

Consider rotating between different types of meats and other nutrient-rich food items to ensure a well-rounded diet. It’s also advisable to consult with a veterinarian to tailor a feeding schedule that meets the unique dietary needs of your Caucasian Shepherd Dog, especially if there are underlying health conditions or allergies.

Maintaining a balanced diet is instrumental in fostering a long, healthy, and fulfilling life for your majestic Caucasian Shepherd Dog. With the right mix of protein, carbohydrates, fats, and micronutrients, you’re not only satisfying their palate but contributing to their overall well-being.