Features of the breed
History of Origin
The history of the Pražský Krysařík began in medieval Bohemia. One of the first mentions of the breed dates back to the 8th-9th centuries. The name of the breed, which in Czech – Pražský Krysařík – literally translates as “Prague Ratter”, already speaks of its purpose. The Pražský krysařík was used for catching rodents at a time when there were practically no cats in Europe that could do that. The miniature size and dexterity of the Pražský Krysařík allowed them to perfectly cope with the pesky rodents that were plaguing all of Europe at the time.
According to legends, representatives of this breed could often be seen at the Czech kings’ aristocratic feasts. They graced the palaces of Czech aristocrats with their presence. But over time, the Prague Ratters lost their unique affiliation to the aristocracy, and they could be seen in the homes of burghers and sometimes in the homes of ordinary villagers.
Since 1970, the Prague Ratter attracted cynologists’ attention, who began to pursue this breed actively. In 1980, for the first time, this breed’s reference characteristics were presented at the international level. In today’s world, the Prague Ratter is a beloved pet that is very popular worldwide.
Appearance: height, weight, fur, color
The Pražský Krysařík is a miniature, smooth-haired dog that is considered one of the smallest dogs in the world. This breed’s compactness has made them very popular as “lady dogs” that can easily fit in a lady’s purse and accompany their owner to the beauty parlor, for a walk, and sometimes to work.
This breed has a rectangular body, short, thin limbs, a pear-shaped head, and protruding ears. The pet looks at the world with convex, dark-colored, round eyes. The gaze of the Prague Ratter is curious and slightly begging. The pied rat’s tail is strong at the base, tapered toward the tip, and somewhat reminiscent of an arc.
According to generally accepted standards, there are two types of representatives of this breed – the long-haired and the short-haired rat. The most common colors of the Pražský Krysařík are black-spotted and brown-spotted. Other varieties of color vary depending on the genetic basis of the main color of the coat.
The Pražský Krysařík has an active and energetic temperament. Pied Pipers are very friendly, brave, and sociable. They are as open as possible and easy to contact. In a word – they are extroverted dogs.
The Prague Ratter can be attentive, sensitive, receptive, and affectionate. He is almost always in good spirits, easy-going, and happy to play around when he is flirted with.
The Prague Ratter is extremely intelligent. Despite its small size, this breed is an excellent watchdog, which can notify a loud bark if an intruder has entered the property.
Although the Pražský Krysařík loves to be carried in a bag, it is not recommended. It can lead to injury to members of this breed, as they are very small and fragile. If there are children in the house where the Prague Ratter lives, care should be taken to not step on the dog or play rough with it.
The care of the Prague Ratter is not very complicated. It is enough to brush the dog every other day to keep its coat smooth and healthy. He should be bathed regularly, his nails trimmed, and his teeth brushed.
The Pražský Krysařík does not tolerate the cold well because of its short fur, so it must be dressed in cold weather. A warm sweater and overalls are obligatory attributes for a winter walk of a winter rat.
Pražský Krysařík is so devoted to his master that he does everything to please him. They happily follow their master’s orders, which contributes to successful and effective training. Thanks to its intelligence, the rat is a fast learner, mastering many commands and tricks.
Training a Prague Ratter does not require much effort, but it must be consistent. In the process of training, the pet must be treated kindly, gently, and not aggressively, not to use any harsh punishments. In addition to regular training, the Pražský Krysařík should be provided with active daily walks in the fresh air.
The Pražský Krysařík is a generally healthy breed, but it is very fragile and can have bone problems. Like all dogs, Prague Ratters can get infectious diseases, so it is advisable not to skip routine vet visits and vaccinations.
Because of the fragile skeleton and compact size, the Prague Ratter is prone to fractures and dislocations. You need to keep your pet safe from fractures and make sure there are no hazards in the house that could harm the dog.
Another common problem faced by owners of baby rats is retaining baby teeth after the adults have emerged. In such cases, the pet must be taken to the veterinarian, removing the remaining baby teeth.
The first and important rule of nutrition of the Pražský Krysařík is not to over feed him, as the pet is prone to rapid weight gain. It is crucial to monitor the portion size of the little rat cat and feed him on a schedule. The number of meals for adult dogs is twice a day.
It is necessary to include meat, cereal, dairy products, vegetables, and fruits in the dog’s diet. It is recommended to add bone meal to porridges, but do not forget about vitamin supplements.