Jack Russell Terrier
Table of contents
Features of the breed
History of Origin
An English pastor named Jack developed a breed called the Jack Russell Terrier in the 19th century. They were trying to combine intelligence, agility, sharp wit, and extraordinary speed into one.
Jack’s plan was for the dog to chase a fox like any other hound dog. He had to go down into the caves to drive them out. Thus the Jack Russell Terrier was born. The breed is trendy worldwide, but there are still some countries where the Jack Russell Terrier is not considered a separate species.
Appearance: height, weight, fur, color
The appearance has not changed in 200 years. Usually, the animal is quite compact; its size is not large for a hunting dog. The standards of height are 25-37 cm with a weight of 5-7 kg. The body structure is proportional, with a well-defined, strong back, neck, and skull. The eyes are mostly dark.
The predominant coat is white, covering more than half of the Jack Russell Terrier. Somewhere there may be brown or black spots. According to the structure, they are divided into three types, namely: smooth-haired, hard-haired, or intermediate. The dog is well protected from the cold weather. If the owner wishes, the tail can be cropped.
The Jack Russell Terrier is very balanced in temperament and does not often bark at all. It is mainly what distinguishes him from other terriers. It is characterized by friendliness, friendliness, calmness.
However, physical activity also plays an important role. It is unacceptable to let the dog be bored. Not having an interesting activity, a breed representative may spoil some things to draw attention to himself. The need for company and affection is one of its defining qualities.
Meanwhile, socialization at an early age is essential for individuals of this species. Through the hunting instinct of the pet, arguments with other dogs are possible. A cat, hamster, rat, or rabbit is at risk of getting hurt. Potential neighbors should be introduced to from childhood.
The Hunter English breed requires proper nutrition. Its diet must be supplemented with meat and chicken, raw bones, porridges, saltwater fish, and dairy products. At the same time, it is by no means necessary to overfeed the Jack Russell Terrier. He threatens obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and problems with the musculoskeletal system in case of insufficient physical activity.
The dog can be kept both in the apartment and in the house; it is essential to create conditions for maximum exercise and provide him with walks and games. It is worth remembering that the hunting instinct of an individual is its guide. Seeing a cat, the dog will run after it, not paying attention to the owner’s instructions. Near the carriageway, you should put a leash on the animal to avoid such situations.
Training a Jack Russell Terrier is a very troublesome job, requiring attention to detail almost from the first days. Spend at least 2-3 minutes grooming his character. Discipline cannot be combined with affection and cordiality, as a hunting dog needs to be treated accordingly during training.
Immediately let her know what place is meant for sleeping. Later with this may have problems. In the meantime, be sure to please him with a treat or reward for a completed task.
The main word during the education of the Russell Terrier is “no”. It is the primary control tool for his unwanted actions, just like the command “Come here!” during a walk. Raising the voice or repeating it without reason is considered a mistake. Thus, the owner unconsciously teaches the pet to listen to the command, not the first time.
The Jack Russell Terrier has robust health and immunity. But still, the breed can have such diseases:
- Legg-Calve-Portez disease;
- deafness (because of the white color of the coat);
- displacement of the crystalline lens;
- sprains and fractures.
It is important to closely monitor the level of physical activity early, be vaccinated in time, and regularly treated fleas and ticks.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a hunting dog, so it is a best-fed natural food, with meat and by-products making up most of the diet.
The dog should always have fresh water separate from the food. Sub-products must still be boiled before being served to the dog. Meat is scalded with boiling water.
For cereals, it is recommended to give buckwheat and rice. 10% of the diet should be fermented milk products.