Males 4-5 kg
Females 3-4 kg
Category IV: “Oriental” Breed designation – SIA
Group 4: “Siamese Oriental Shorthair” Breed designation – SIA
Short-haired cats, popular cats, apartment cats (docile cats)
History of Origin
Siamese cats with blond hair have been known in Thailand, formerly called Siam, for centuries. These cats were depicted on ancient manuscripts of Siamese, but in the West, they were first exhibited at a cat show in London in the 19th century. Not everyone immediately appreciated their unusual appearance, but they quickly became fashionable.
The Siamese cat is a natural breed that came into being through genetic mutation. This breed has contributed to creating many other breeds, including the Balinese, Oriental, Himalayan, Persian, Tonkin, and Havana Brown. In 1901 the “Siamese Cat Club” was founded in Great Britain, and 1902, the breed standard was approved. Almost all associations recognize the Siamese Cat breed standards.
Appearance: height, weight, fur, color
Siameses are medium-sized cats. They have a lean, long build with a thin but muscular body. They also have thin, long limbs and tails and a wedge-shaped head. This breed always has blue eyes, which adds to its bright, elegant appearance.
They are short-haired cats with a colorpoint color, which creates the illusion of mystery. Their body color is predominantly light with dark ears, limbs, tail, and a dark “masquerade mask” on the face. Siamese cats come in four color types:
- power point (pale or cream body with a dark colorpoint);
- chocolate point (ivory body with dark brown colorpoint);
- blue point (light silver bodies with dark, grayish-blue colorpoint);
- lilac Point (light cream bodies with pinkish-gray coloration).
Siamese cats are brilliant and agile, but the most important thing to know about these pets is that they are “talkative” and opinionated. They will always let you know if they are not satisfied with something. Siamese cats are very fond of their owners. They like to accompany their master everywhere and control every movement in the apartment. During the day, they love to lie on their owner’s lap, and at night they come to sleep in his bed, climbing under the covers and putting their head on the pillow.
Siamese cats are very affectionate and gentle. They love to be the center of attention, so they do not miss an opportunity to get it. They are very loyal to their owner and expect the same in return. They are suitable for people who have a lot of free time to give it to their beloved and show warmth and care to her.
Siamese cats’ short, fine hair is easy to care for by brushing weekly to remove dead hair and to give them a kind of massage to distribute the sebum. The cat should also have its ears brushed to avoid ear inflammation, and its teeth brushed to avoid oral disease. Nail trimming should not be forgotten. You should keep your Siamese cat in an apartment to protect it from diseases spread by other cats and other dangers it may encounter in the street. Walking the cat is recommended during the warm season and only on a leash.
The Siamese cat is not only beautiful but also very smart. It can be taught to walk on a leash, as well as many simple commands. From an early age, Siamese cats should be taught not to scratch the furniture, go to the litter box, eat from a bowl, and not climb on tables. It is almost impossible to get her accustomed to her bed because she loves to sleep with the owner. Therefore, you need to put up with it. Since the representatives of this breed are quite active, you need to provide them with physical activity. Games with toys, walks in the fresh air on a leash, the purchase of a climbing house – all this will only benefit the cat.
In general, Siamese cats do not often have health problems. To maintain immunity, you need to regularly visit the veterinarian for preventive examinations and adhere to the vaccination schedule. Diseases that occur among these cats are mostly genetic. Such diseases include liver amyloidosis, asthma, bronchial disease, and congenital heart defects. Sometimes these cats exhibit oral diseases, such as gingivitis and tartar deposits. If the pet visits the outdoors, it may get ticks, fleas, and worms.
Siamese cats’ food can be either natural or consisting of commercial dry food or canned food. Industrial food and canned food already contain the necessary vitamins and trace elements at the time of purchase. Food and canned food should be of high quality and fresh. Do not skimp, and it is better to buy premium cat food.
If a Siamese cat is fed with natural products, the basis of its diet should be lean meat, which will provide the necessary amount of protein – veal, chicken, turkey, rabbit. Giving Siamese cats pork is not recommended. Sometimes you can diversify the pet’s diet with cottage cheese, eggs, vegetables, and porridge.